Thursday, July 31, 2014

Ten Brain Tricks for Learning Math Facts

I’ve been fascinated by the brain for years now.  I read about how the brain works, and the best ways to help children learn. I apply this knowledge into my teaching and have had fabulous results!
Ten Brain Tricks for Learning Math Facts: These strategies are backed by science, and will help the kiddos with math!

These are some of the things I’ve learned about the brain! 
Let's see how they relate to learning Math Facts!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

We know that “Practice Makes Perfect” is a fallacy since we know if a child practices something incorrectly, he learns it incorrectly.  Whatever they practice needs to be accurate so the child learns it correctly.  (I’m sure you know how hard it is to break a bad habit!)  When practicing facts, it's important that the child practices the correct answer. Either have the correct answer on the back of flashcards, or have the child practice with someone who knows the answers!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

This goes with the first idea: the kiddos need to know if they're getting the answer correct. If they are not, they need to know right away so they will practice it correctly.
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

Brains are much more likely to remember something if the learner uses more than one process.  If the children are looking at the fact, saying the fact out loud, and moving manipulatives on the tens frame, they are more likely to remember the information than if they just looked at it. Another idea, stating the fact while jumping on one foot, or while doing jumping jacks.
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

When children work together, they are keeping the brain happy.  Social interaction is HUGE when it comes to learning! This is one reason why games are great for learning math facts!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

 A little healthy competition gets the blood moving, bringing oxygen to the brain and helping the memory do its thing. This is another reason why games are great for practicing facts!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

When the kids practice facts, it's a good idea to put fact families together: 4+7=11   7+4=11   11-4=7   11-7=4   or  3x6=18  6x3=18  18÷6=3  18÷3=6 This really helps the kiddos make the connections in the brain!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

If it's possible color code copies of facts by fact families. The brain really focuses on color, and helps make those connections!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

This is why it's not a good idea to give the kiddos too many facts to study at a time. Start with just a couple of families, and build from there!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

It is suggested that children spend 5 minutes a day, every day, rather than a half hour once a week. It's actually less time, but it's more productive!
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

 It is recommended that background music is played during practice times. This is a good time for a piece of classic music, not rock music or anything with lyrics. 

Hope this list helps your kiddos learn their facts!

It just so happens I have a set of addition and subtraction facts to practice that follow almost all these brain rules, (you have to supply your own music) and even has a few brain breaks worked in! Click here if you're interested: Fact Fluency: Add and Subtract- Practice and Assessments with Brain Breaks

Update: Due to popular demand and success with the above set of addition and subtraction facts, I'm made a new version to practice and assess multiplication and division, which you can find here: Brain Friendly Multiplication and Division Fact: Practice and Assessents!

4 comments:

  1. What great reminders, Sally! I feel in special education I spend a significant amount of my time trying to "unteach" what they've learned incorrectly. It takes so much more time to undo and then reteach than to take the time to give immediate feedback. Of course, it's not that easy to give immediate feedback when you have a classroom full of kids learning their facts! Thanks for all the great tips!

    I love learning about how the brain works, too. Have you seen the show, Brain Games? I am completely addicted to it and want their experts to come to my classroom! HA! Wouldn't that be great?!

    Joy Hall
    Joy of Teaching

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks, Joy! I've heard of the show Brain Games, but haven't caught it. I will watch for it!

      Thanks for sponsoring this great blog hop! I found loads of great math fact ideas!

      Sally

      Delete
  2. That was very interesting, Sally! I tend to do most of that, but, I know I ask for more than 5 minutes from them. I need to shorten the time and/or give them multiple activities in that time. And yes, music can really help!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Most of these ideas are things teachers do naturally! I used to have longer practice sessions until I learned that more than 5 minutes is wasted time! We practice math facts for 5 minutes at the beginning of math time each day. It really helps!

      Sally

      Delete

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